Thailand– or the official name Kingdom of Thailand as name ประเทศไทย It is a nation state located on the Indochina and Malay peninsula. in Southeast Asia It has an eastern border with Laos and Cambodia. The south borders Malaysia and the Gulf of Thailand. West borders the Andaman Sea and Burma. and the north borders Burma and Laos The Mekong River is blocked in some parts. ruled by a parliamentary democracy There is a center for government administration in Bangkok. and regional governance organized into 76 provinces.
Thailand is the 50th largest in the world with an area of 513,115 square kilometers. And has the 20th largest population in the world, which is about 66 million people, and is also a new industrial country. Its main income is from industry and service sectors. Thailand has many famous tourist destinations such as Pattaya, Phuket, Bangkok and Chiang Mai which generate income for the country. as well as exports that play an important role in the development of the country’s economy and GDP. Which is worth about 334,026 million US dollars. As estimated in 2010, Thailand’s economy is the 30th largest in the world.
In the territory of Thailand (ภาพรวมประเทศไทย) Found evidence of humans who are as old as five hundred thousand years. Historians often regard the Sukhothai Kingdom as the starting point of Thai history. which later fell under the influence of the Ayutthaya Kingdom which is greater and have contact with western nations The Ayutthaya Kingdom lasted for 417 years, and it was completely deteriorated and collapsed. Somdej Phra Krung Thon Buri restored independence and established the Thonburi Kingdom. The events of chaos at the end of the empire leading to the era of the Chakri dynasty of Rattanakosin.
Early in the city, the country faced threats from neighboring nations. but after the reign of King Mongkut Western nations have become very influential in the region. leading to becoming a party to many treaties And the loss of some territories, however, Thailand did not maintain itself as a colony of any nation until during the First World War. Thailand joined the Allies and in 1932 there was a revolution that changed from absolute monarchy to democracy. and Thailand joined the Axis during World War II. until the cold war Thailand has a policy of alliance with the United States. The military took a huge role in Thai politics after decades of the Siamese Revolution. until the establishment of a civilian government and enter the era of today"s free world.
Thailand has an area of approximately 513,115 square kilometers. It is the 50th largest in the world and the 3rd largest in Southeast Asia. It is second only to Indonesia (1,910,931 km.2) and Myanmar (676,578 km.2) and is the closest in size to Spain (505,370 km.2).
Thailand has a diverse landscape. The north region is a complex high mountain area. The highest point in Thailand is Doi Inthanon at 2,565 meters above sea level. It is also covered by forests, which are important watersheds of the country. The northeastern region is mainly the area of the Korat Plateau. The condition of the soil is quite arid and not very conducive to cultivation. The Chao Phraya River is formed by the Ping and Yom rivers that converge at Pak Nam Pho. Nakhon Sawan Province This makes the central region the most fertile river plain in the country. And is regarded as one of the world"s important rice growing areas, the southern part is part of the Thai-Malay peninsula. flanked by the sea on both sides There is a narrowing point at the Kra Isthmus and then expands into the Malay Peninsula. The western part is the valleys and mountain ranges that lie from the western part of the North.
The Chao Phraya River and the Mekong River are important agricultural areas of Thailand. The agro-industrial production relies on the produce harvested from both rivers and their tributaries. The Gulf of Thailand has an area of approximately 320,000 square kilometers. support the water that flows from the Chao Phraya River Mae Klong River Bang Pakong River and the Tapi River It is considered a tourist attraction. Due to the shallow waters along the southern coast and the Kra Isthmus, the Gulf of Thailand is also the industrial center of the country. because there is a main port at Sattahip It can be considered as the gateway to other ports in Bangkok. The southern region has many tourist attractions which attract a lot of tourists. Tourists always come to visit. from Phuket Krabi Province, Ranong Province, Phang Nga Province, Trang Province and islands along the coast of the Andaman Sea.
Thailand is divided into 6 regions, each of which has different geographical features as follows: Northern region has high mountains, the highest point is Doi Inthanon, which is an important watershed Northeast (ภาคตะวันออกเฉียงเหนือ) Most of them are arid plateaus. Not conducive to cultivation. Central region is the Chao Phraya River Basin with the most fertility. The southern region is on both sides of the sea. The narrowest point is the Kra Isthmus. The eastern region has a smooth white coastline and a concave curve.
The western region is valleys and mountain ranges.
North borders Myanmar and Laos.
West borders the Andaman Sea and Myanmar.
East borders with Laos and Cambodia.
South borders the Gulf of Thailand and Malaysia.
Thailand’s climate is tropical. or savannah With an average temperature of 18-34 °C and an average annual rainfall of more than 1,500 mm. Can be divided into 3 seasons: between February and April is the summer. Between May and October is the rainy season. Thailand is influenced by the southwest monsoon from the South China Sea and tropical cyclones. From November to mid-March is winter. Thailand is influenced by the northeast monsoon from China. The southern part has a rainforest climate. which is hot and humid all year round Therefore, it can be divided into 2 seasons, which are rainy and hot seasons. Summer is from May to September. and the west coast Summer is from November to April.
Thailand has a constitutional monarchy form of state. and use parliamentary democracy or the Constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand collectively referred to as Democracy with the King as Head of State The current constitution is the Constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand, BE 2550 (2007), which is the 18th edition, which defines the three parts of the organization to manage powers as follows:
legislative power There is a parliament in a bicameral system. which consists of the House of Representatives and the Senate, with a total of 630 members, is a power management organization The President of the National Assembly is the head of power.